Oil Crops pp 423-447 | Cite as


  • Hans- Henning Mündel
  • Jerald W. Bergman
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 4)


Significant contributions to understanding and manipulating domesticated safflower, Carthamus tinctorius L., for improvement of the crop, have been made by scientists in numerous countries. A sampling of such contributions will be presented in this chapter. However, two countries stand out in terms of the amount of research carried out on safflower, namely India and the USA. India produces more safflower and has more safflower researchers than any other country. The USA has contributed considerably to the academic training involving safflower over the past half century, to scientists from around the world. Contributions from India and the USA will be highlighted in this chapter.

Origin and Domestication

Cultivated safflower may have its origins from the two related species, wild safflower, Carthamus oxyacanthus M.Bieb. from Afghanistan and adjoining countries (e.g. Pakistan) and from the saffron thistle, Carthamus lanatus from Ethiopia (Chavan 1961).

Using wide-ranging...


Male Sterility Cytoplasmic Male Sterile Safflower Seed Carthamus Tinctorius Core Subset 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We wish to sincerely thank the following, for providing information related to safflower breeding at their respective institutes and/or countries: M. Sujatha (DOR, Hyderabad, India), Nandini Nimbkar (NARI, Phaltan, India) and R.C. Johnson (USDA-ARS, Pullman, Washington, USA).

The following are thanked, for providing information on Carthamus genetic resources held in their respective institutes: A. Diederichsen (PGRC-AAFC, Saskatoon, Canada), H. Knüpffer (Genebank-IPK, Gatersleben, Germany).

And we also wish to thank Rick Keon (SemBioSys, Calgary, Canada) for providing us information/updates on safflower biotechnology related to breeding.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.West View MallLethbridgeCanada
  2. 2.Eastern Agric. Res. Center, Montana State UniversityAgric. Extension ServiceSidneyUSA

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