Oil Crops pp 397-421 | Cite as


  • Luciana Baldoni
  • Angjelina Belaj
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 4)


Overall Importance of the Crop and Production Areas

The olive (Olea europaea L.), grown on over 8 million hectares, is the second most important oil fruit tree crop worldwide after oil palm and its cultivation is traditionally concentrated in the Mediterranean area. The total olive oil production for the 2006–2007 season was 2,859,500 tons (International Olive Oil Council (IOOC) data). Southern European countries account for about 74.9% of the world production, with Spain being the main producer (38.7%), followed by Italy (21%) and Greece (12.9%). Other important olive oil producers are Turkey, Tunisia and Syria (17.1%) as well as Jordan, Morocco and Algeria.

Seventy percent of the olive oil produced globally is consumed in the Mediterranean area, but its demand is rapidly increasing in other countries. For example, the consumption of olive oil in the USA grew from 88,000 tons in 1990 to 251,000 tons in 2007, in Japan from 4,000 to 31,000, and in Australia from 13,500 to...


Somatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Olive Tree Clonal Selection Olive Fruit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNR, Istituto di Genetica VegetalePerugiaItaly
  2. 2.IFAPA, Centro “Alameda del Obispo”, Avda Menéndez Pidal s/nCordobaSpain

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