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Oil Crops pp 333-367 | Cite as

Oil Palm

  • Aik Chin Soh
  • Choo Kien Wong
  • Yuk Wah Ho
  • Chieh Wean Choong
Chapter
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 4)

Introduction

The oil palm is the world’s most important oil crop producing 24.9% of total vegetable oils and fats surpassing soybean at 23.9% (Mielke, http://www.oilworld.bz, 31 March 2007). It produces two types of oil from its fruits, mesocarp oil and kernel oil known as crude palm oil (CPO) and palm kernel oil (PKO), respectively, in international trade. Total world production of CPO stands at about 38 million tons worth around US$ 20 billion. The oils are produced from some 13 million ha of plantations in the humid tropical countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America: Indonesia (5.3 million ha), Malaysia (4.2 million ha), Papua New Guinea, Colombia, Ivory Coast, Nigeria and Thailand with the first two countries having the bulk of the plantings. Palm oil is the largest internationally traded vegetable oil with its main markets in China, European Union, Pakistan, India, Japan and Bangladesh. Palm oil is mainly used in food (80%), e.g. as cooking oil, margarine, vanaspati or...

Keywords

General Combine Ability Specific Combine Ability Commercial Hybrid Female Inflorescence Fresh Fruit Bunch 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to express our sincere thanks to our company, Applied Agricultural Resources Sdn. Bhd. and its principals, Boustead Plantations Bhd. and Kuala Kepong Bhd. for permission to publish this paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aik Chin Soh
    • 1
  • Choo Kien Wong
    • 2
  • Yuk Wah Ho
    • 2
  • Chieh Wean Choong
    • 3
  1. 1.Applied Agricultural ResourcesLocked Bag 212, Sg. Buloh, Post OfficeSg BulohMalaysia
  2. 2.Applied Agricultural ResourcesSungai BulohMalaysia
  3. 3.Applied Agricultural Resources, Sg. Buloh, Selangor; INTI University College, Persiaran Perdana BBN, Putra NilaiNilaiMalaysia

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