Oil Crops pp 317-332 | Cite as


  • Dick L. Auld
  • Mauricio D. Zanotto
  • Thomas McKeon
  • John B. Morris
Part of the Handbook of Plant Breeding book series (HBPB, volume 4)


Castor (Ricinus communis L.) has the potential to become the premier vegetable oil crop for industrial oil production across the globe (Roetheli et al. 1990). Castor is an ideal candidate for production of high value, industrial oil feedstocks because of the very high oil content (48–60%) of the seed, the extremely high levels of potential oil production (500–1,000 l of oil/acre), and this plants unique ability to produce oils with extremely high levels (80–90%) of ricinoleic acid (Brigham 1993). Additionally, the high potential yield and unique fatty acid composition of castor allows this oil to provide economically competitive feedstocks needed for the production of premium quality biodiesel, short chain aviation fuels, fuel lubrication additives, and very high value biopolymers (Geller and Goodrum 2004; Goodrum and Geller 2005; Roetheli et al. 1990). Because castor is not used for food and can be grown productively on marginal lands this crop represents a unique...


Ricinoleic Acid Hydroxy Fatty Acid Recurrent Selection Mass Selection Castor Seed 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dick L. Auld
    • 1
  • Mauricio D. Zanotto
    • 2
  • Thomas McKeon
    • 3
  • John B. Morris
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Plant and Soil ScienceTexas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA
  2. 2.Department of Crop ScienceSao Paulo State University, Rua José Barbosa de Barros, 1780, Fazenda LageadoBotucatuBrazil
  4. 4.USDA-ARSGriffinUSA

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