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Functional Genomics in Peach

  • Albert G. Abbott
  • Bryon Sosinski
  • Ariel Orellana
Part of the Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models book series (PGG, volume 6)

The importance of high-quality fruit, and the intrinsic difficulties of breeding in a perennial species, requires the development and application of structural and functional genomics databases for the sustained improvement of fruit tree crops. Identification and characterization of genes controlling the genetic basis of the traits, and their tagging with molecular markers, permits a more realistic estimate of the effort needed to complete the introgression and to produce a new variety combining the best of traits formerly isolated in separate varieties. It also reduces effort and time, and improves the accuracy of marker-assisted selections. Thus, field evaluation is limited to trees containing the genes of interest, significantly reducing the costs associated with maintaining undesirable trees to maturity. The ability to pre-select seedlings, using DNA based markers, for traits such as sugar and acid levels, color, firmness, and fruit size while introgressing traits, such as biotic and abiotic stress resistance from exotic germplasm, speeds the development of commercially acceptable cultivars. Having the cloned gene sequences controlling the traits of interest also provides a means to directly move the character through the use of transgenic technologies significantly reducing the breeding time required to obtain cultivars with commercially desirable qualities.

Keywords

Resistance Gene Functional Genomic Resistance Gene Analogue Functional Genomic Study Prunus Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albert G. Abbott
    • 1
  • Bryon Sosinski
    • 1
  • Ariel Orellana
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Genetics and Biochemistry100 Jordan Hall Clemson UniversityClemsonUSA

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