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Applying Cytogenetics and Genomics to Wide Hybridisations in the Genus Hordeum

  • Andreas Houben
  • Richard Pickering
Chapter
Part of the Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models book series (PGG, volume 7)

Abstract

Cytogenetic analyses have been widely applied for characterising the barley (Hordeum vulgare) genome under the microscope. The methods and results have been extensively reviewed and will only be outlined in this chapter. We focus instead on the applications of cytogenetics and genomics relating to physically mapping the barley genome and for determining species relationships in the genus Hordeum through the meiotic analysis of wide hybrids. The application of cytogenetical tools in breeding programmes will be described. Finally we summarise our knowledge of the cellular processes involved in the generation of haploid barley via uniparental chromosome elimination in H. vulgare × H. bulbosum hybrid embryos.

Keywords

Leaf Rust Bacterial Artificial Chromosome Clone Chiasma Frequency Barley Chromosome Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors have been supported by the DFG, Germany (DFG HO 1779/9-1) and under an EU Marie Curie Research Fellowship (219313). R Pickering also thanks the Foundation for Research, Science and Technology (New Zealand) for financial support and his colleagues in Plant & Food Research, especially Paul Johnston, Viji Meiyalaghan and Stan Ebdon. 

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK)Germany
  2. 2.New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research LimitedChristchurchNew Zealand

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