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Advanced Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

  • Frederic H. Kauffman
  • Liza D. Le
Chapter

Abstract

Describe the evolution of various CPR techniques, including open and closed chest resuscitation. Describe the epidemiology of sudden cardiac death. List the various etiologies of sudden cardiac arrest. Describe the research-validated mechanisms by which blood flows in a forward direction during CPR. Correlate coronary and cerebral perfusion pressures with survival and clinical outcome. Describe several techniques by which CPR can be performed, along with pros and cons for each technique. List the techniques for assessment and support of the airway, breathing, and circulation. Recite the algorithms for the treatment of asystole, pulseless electrical activity (PEA), ventricular fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, and bradycardic rhythms. Alter properly the resuscitation techniques for victims of cardiac arrest associated with hypothermia, near-drowning, trauma, electrical shock/lightning, and pregnancy.

Keywords

Cardiac Arrest Sudden Death Ventricular Fibrillation Cerebral Perfusion Pressure Chest Compression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Additional Reading

  1. Paradis NA, Halperin HR, Nowak RM, eds. Cardiac Arrest: The Science and Practice of Resuscitation Medicine. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 1996.Google Scholar
  2. 2005 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. ECC Committee, subcommittees and Task Forces of the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2005;112(suppl 1):IV-1 – IV-211.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederic H. Kauffman
    • 1
  • Liza D. Le
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Emergency Medicine and MedicineTemple University School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Emergency MedicineTemple University HospitalPhiladelphiaUSA

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