Goal-directed Hemodynamic Therapy for Surgical Patients
The population is aging with inherent co-morbidity and patients undergo evermore extensive surgical procedures. The burden of these changes is being felt on the intensive care unit (ICU). The National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death for the United Kingdom (NCEPOD) has reported the 30-day mortality following all classes of operation to be less than 1%. When the examined population is limited to the elderly with impaired physiological function and requisite emergency surgery the mortality rate rises to 50% [1, 2, 3].
KeywordsStroke Volume Central Venous Pressure Pulse Pressure Variation Proximal Femoral Fracture Epinephrine Group
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- 1.Adams AP, Cashman JN, Grounds RM (2003) Reducing mortality and complications in patients undergoing surgery at high risk for post-operative complications and death. Recent Adv Anaesth Crit Care 22:117–133Google Scholar