Goal-directed Hemodynamic Therapy for Surgical Patients

  • P. Morgan
  • A. Rhodes
Conference paper


The population is aging with inherent co-morbidity and patients undergo evermore extensive surgical procedures. The burden of these changes is being felt on the intensive care unit (ICU). The National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death for the United Kingdom (NCEPOD) has reported the 30-day mortality following all classes of operation to be less than 1%. When the examined population is limited to the elderly with impaired physiological function and requisite emergency surgery the mortality rate rises to 50% [1, 2, 3].


Stroke Volume Central Venous Pressure Pulse Pressure Variation Proximal Femoral Fracture Epinephrine Group 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media Inc. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Morgan
    • 1
  • A. Rhodes
    • 1
  1. 1.General Intensive Care Unit St. James’ WingSt. George’s HospitalLondonUK

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