Bioreactance: A New Method for Non-invasive Cardiac Output Monitoring

  • P. Squara


Although measurement of oxygen consumption in the clinical setting is hampered by numerous technical difficulties, the objective of hemodynamic resuscitation is to ensure that oxygen consumption balances the metabolic needs of the body [1, 2, 3]. When the hemoglobin level is stable, oxygen consumption is determined by three interrelated variables: Cardiac output, arterial oxygen saturation, and mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2). This explains the considerable efforts that have been devoted to develop tools to measure and monitor each of these three variables. Such tools are important for diagnosis, optimization of treatment, and tracking progress of patients with hemodynamic compromise [4].


Cardiac Output Pulmonary Artery Catheter Cardiac Output Measurement Frequency Modulation Signal Cardiac Output Monitoring 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media Inc. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Squara
    • 1
  1. 1.ICU CERICClinique Ambroise ParéNeuilly-sur-SeineFrance

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