Anthocyanins pp 169-190 | Cite as

Modification and Stabilization of Anthocyanins

  • Keiko Yonekura-Sakakibara
  • Toru Nakayama
  • Mami Yamazaki
  • Kazuki Saito


Modification of anthocyanins is responsible for the stabilization of vacuolar anthocyanins. Cytosolic modification reactions include glycosylation, methylation, and acylation immediately following the synthesis of anthocyanidin aglycones. Knowledge of the biochemistry and molecular biology of these modification reactions, and the enzymes involved, has increased dramatically due to the molecular cloning of the genes encoding these enzymes from a variety of plant species in the last decade. Recent advances in the modification of anthocyanins are summarized and discussed in terms of fundamental biochemistry and application for the modification and stabilization of anthocyanins.


Acyl Donor Acyl Acceptor Acyl Transfer Anthocyanin Biosynthetic Pathway Acyl Substituent 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keiko Yonekura-Sakakibara
    • 1
  • Toru Nakayama
    • 2
  • Mami Yamazaki
    • 3
  • Kazuki Saito
    • 4
  1. 1.RIKEN Plant Science CenterJapan
  2. 2.Department of Biomolecular EngineeringTohoku UniversityJapan
  3. 3.Chiba UniversityGraduate School of Pharmaceutical ScienceJapan
  4. 4.RIKEN Plant Science Center/Chiba UniversityGraduate School of Pharmaceutical ScienceJapan

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