Face Recognition

  • Anil K. Jain
  • Arun A. Ross
  • Karthik Nandakumar


The face is the frontal portion of the human head, extending from the forehead to the chin and includes the mouth, nose, cheeks, and eyes. Being the foremost part in one’s interactions with the outer world, the face houses most of the fundamental sensory organs necessary for perceiving the world around, namely, eyes for seeing, nose for smelling, mouth for tasting, and ears for hearing. The face is considered to be the most commonly used biometric trait by humans; we recognize each other and, in many cases, establish our identities based on faces. Hence, it has become a standard practice to incorporate face photographs in various tokens of authentication such as ID cards, passports, and driver’s licenses.


Face Recognition Linear Discriminant Analysis Face Image Local Binary Pattern Face Detection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anil K. Jain
    • 1
  • Arun A. Ross
    • 2
  • Karthik Nandakumar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical EngineeringWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA
  3. 3.Institute for Infocomm Research A*STARFusionopolisSingapore

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