Fingerprint Recognition



Unlike the skin on most parts of our body, which is smooth and contains hair and oil glands, the skin on the palms and soles exhibits a flow-like pattern of ridges and valleys (sometimes referred to as furrows), and contains no hair or oil glands. These papillary ridges on the finger, called friction ridges, help the hand to grasp objects by increasing friction and improving the tactile sensing of surface textures. The friction ridge skin is composed of two major layers: dermis (inner layer) and epidermis (outer layer).


Fingerprint Image Ridge Count Fingerprint Recognition Ridge Pattern Minutia Point 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anil K. Jain
    • 1
  • Arun A. Ross
    • 2
  • Karthik Nandakumar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical EngineeringWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA
  3. 3.Institute for Infocomm Research A*STARFusionopolisSingapore

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