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Mitral Valve Dilation

  • Lisa Bergersen
  • Susan Foerster
  • Audrey C. Marshall
  • Jeffery Meadows

Abstract

Mitral valve (MV) dilation was first developed for adults and adolescents with rheumatic MV disease. It was then extended to children with congenital mitral stenosis (MS). Congenital MS is a morphologically heterogeneous lesion that generally affects both the valvar and subvalvar tension apparatus of the MV. Subtypes of congenital MS include “typical” congenital MS (which consists of thickened leaflets, short or absent chordae tendineae, obliteration of interchordal spaces, and two separate but often closely spaced papillary muscles), supravalvar mitral ring, parachute MV, and double-orifice MV. In many patients, there are features of multiple MS subtypes. Commonly associated lesions include other left heart obstructive anomalies (e.g., coarctation of the aorta, valvar or subvalvar aortic stenosis) and/or a VSD.

Keywords

Mitral Valve Mitral Regurgitation Balloon Dilation Mitral Stenosis Rheumatic Heart Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Reference

  1. 1.
    McElhinney DB, Sherwood MC, Keane JF et al. Current management of severe congenital mitral stenosis outcomes of transcatheter and surgical therapy in 108 infants and children. Circulation 2005;112:707–714.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisa Bergersen
    • 1
  • Susan Foerster
    • 2
  • Audrey C. Marshall
    • 1
  • Jeffery Meadows
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of CardiologyChildren’s Hospital BostonBostonUSA
  2. 2.Washington University in St. LouisSt. LouisUSA
  3. 3.Division of Pediatric CardiologyUniversity of California at San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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