Imaging Using Wave Optics
A number of standard and novel methods to optically image biological and other materials are discussed in this chapter to give the reader a sense of the large variety of tools available. We start with a survey of the arsenal of newer light microscopies available for the study of biological materials, in particular. Another wavelike property of light, its polarization, can be used in several optical polarization methods to study biomolecules. Earlier, we discussed the important imaging technique of MRI in Chapter 18; this chapter concludes with a discussion of two other wave-related imaging techniques: electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction/computed tomography (CT) imaging with x-rays.