Statistical Models for Prediction
In this chapter, we consider statistical models for different types of outcomes: binary, unordered categorical, ordered categorical, continuous, and survival data. We discuss common statistical models in medical research such as the linear, logistic, and Cox regression model, and also simpler approaches and more flexible extensions, including regression trees and neural networks. Details of the methods are found in many excellent texts. We focus on the most relevant aspects of these models in a prediction context. All models are illustrated with case studies. In Chap. 6, we will discuss aspects of choosing between alternative statistical models.