Launching Urban Transportation Planning and the Interstate Highway System

During World War II, regular highway programs stopped. Highway materials and personnel were used to build access roads for war production and military needs. With rationing of gasoline and tires, and no new automobiles being manufactured, the use of transit mushroomed. Between 1941 and 1946, transit ridership grew by 65% to an all-time high of 23.4 billion trips annually (American Public Transit Association, 1995). (Fig. 3.1).


Transit System Traffic Assignment Secondary System Travel Pattern Interstate Highway 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

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