Expanding Participatory Democracy


For most of the century, transportation decisions were made by engineers and planners in government organizations. With the passage of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1962 and its successors, pubic officials participating in MPOs gained some control of transportation decisions within their urban areas. With the passage of ISTEA, other stakeholders and private citizens had to be given a reasonable opportunity to comment on the long-range transportation plans and the shorter-term transportation improvement programs. The regulations implementing the legislation required a formal proactive and inclusive public involvement process that provided ample opportunity for community participation.

Reinforcing this expansion of participatory decision-making process, President Clinton issued an Executive Order entitled “Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations.” The order was designed to focus attention on the environmental and human health...


Public Involvement Intelligent Transportation System Transportation Planning Transportation Project Highway Safety 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

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