Fifty years have passed since the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1962 created the federal mandate for urban transportation planning in the USA. The act was the capstone of two decades of experimentation and development of urban transportation procedures and institutions. It was passed at a time in which urban areas were beginning to plan the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highway routes through and around their areas. The 1962 Act, combined with the incentive of 90% federal funding for Interstate highway projects, caused urban transportation planning to spread quickly throughout the USA. It also had a significant influence on urban transportation planning in other parts of the world.

In some ways, the urban transportation planning process and planning techniques have changed little over the 50 years. Yet, in other ways, urban transportation planning has evolved over these years in response to changing issues, conditions, and values, and a greater...


Urban Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Transportation Security Administration Federal Railroad Administration Highway Planning 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

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