Bullies and Victims at School: Perspectives and Strategies for Primary Prevention

  • Christian Berger
  • Ramin Karimpour
  • Philip C. Rodkin

The present chapter addresses bullying and victimization from an ecological perspective. The assumption of a multilevel approach allows for identifying several layers of complexity and, consequently, different levels for intervention strategies. First we introduce bullying and victimization, addressing three main topics: a critical review of what these phenomena involve, the notions of prevention and promotion as intervention goals, and the contextualization of bullying and victimization within the emerging peer culture of early adolescence. Then, the next section presents a layered analysis identifying four levels of complexity: the individual, the dyad, the peer group, and the institution, incorporating a developmental perspective; implications for interventions at each of these levels are included. Finally, the last section presents some guidelines for intervention based on literature on implementation and our own work in school-based bullying prevention.


Aggressive Behavior Sexual Harassment School Climate Relational Aggression School Staff 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Berger
    • 1
  • Ramin Karimpour
    • 1
  • Philip C. Rodkin
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Educational Psychology and PsychologyUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUSA

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