Double Entrepreneurship is Synergistic

  • A. Coskun Samli
  • A textile company in Turkey teamed up with one in Brazil. Jointly they produce, sell, and export the inside layers needed for auto tires.

  • A Swiss company brought into Turkey trucks full of fresh vegetables. The company partnered with a Turkish firm. At the present time, jointly they own hundreds of small grocery stores scattered throughout the region.

Being entrepreneurial and finding partners who are also entrepreneurial is the essence of bottom-up globalization. Countries, regions, and companies all must consider the benefits of such involvements.

The French economist Cantillon is said to have introduced the term “entrepreneur.” He defined the term as the agent who purchased the means of production for transforming them into marketable products. The French economist J. B. Say expanded Cantillon’s ideas around 1880. According to Say, an entrepreneur is a person who shifts economic resources out of an area which is not yielding good returns and does not have high productivity into an...


Small Business Entrepreneurial Orientation Interpersonal Skill World Country International Entrepreneurship 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of North FloridaJacksonvilleUSA

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