Past, Present, and Emerging Principles in the Neural Encoding of Movement

  • Timothy J. Ebner
  • Claudia M. Hendrix
  • Siavash Pasalar
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 629)

Understanding how the brain controls movement has been of primary interest to the motor control community for over 100 years. Yet even today an intense debate persists as to what and how movement parameters are encoded and whether the concept of parameterization is valid. Contemporary views concur that neuronal representations are dynamic, based on task parameters that are behaviorally relevant, and modifiable via learned associations. The chapters in this section provide both historical perspectives and new insights into the fundamental question of what and how movement parameters are encoded in the brain.

How the cerebral cortex controls and represents movements has been debated since the 19th century based on the motor effects of electrical stimulation of the cerebral cortex (Fritsch & Hitzig, 1870) and motor deficits in patients with epilepsy (Jackson, 1873). These initial investigations lead to the fundamental question of whether the cerebral cortex formulates and controls...


Movement Parameter Primary Motor Cortex Muscle Synergy Motor Parameter Task Parameter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy J. Ebner
    • 1
  • Claudia M. Hendrix
  • Siavash Pasalar
  1. 1.Department of NeuroscienceUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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