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Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Grant L. Iverson
  • Rael T. Lange
Chapter

Abstract

Traumatic brain injuries arise from open or closed head injuries. Most traumatic brain injuries result from closed head injuries (an example of an open head injury is an object penetrating the skull). Brain injuries occur as the result of acceleration-deceleration forces (linear or angular), blunt trauma, or both. Traumatic brain injuries occur on a broad continuum of severity, from very mild transient injuries to catastrophic injuries resulting in death or severe disability. The continuum of severity of traumatic brain injury is illustrated in Fig. 21.1.

Keywords

Traumatic Brain Injury Glasgow Coma Scale Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Substance Abuse Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Ms. Elena Dupont for providing Figs. 21.2, 21.3, 21.5, and 21.6.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.British Columbia Mental Health and Addiction ServicesCoquitlamCanada

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