Future Directions in Pediatric Obesity Prevention and Intervention: Research and Practice
Almost before our eyes, pediatric obesity has grown to epidemic proportions in the United States and elsewhere, and is now known to be associated with a number of medical and psychosocial comorbidities that may last a lifetime. Within the span of less than two generations, the number of children and youth with obesity and overweight has more than doubled in some age groups, and has tripled in others (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2007). If estimates of the trajectory are correct, by 2010 approximately 50 percent of children in North America and 38 percent of children in the European Union will be overweight or obese (Wang & Lobstein, 2006).
The alarming increase in the prevalence of obesity is likely due to a constellation of factors, including biological, behavioral, sociological, and economic. Correspondingly, just as there are multiple etiological factors for the condition, we argue that the solutions to the problem are likely to require changes within multiple and interacting systems within society. These include changes at the individual level, changes in local and regional policy, and perhaps changes in values at the national level.
KeywordsParenting Style Childhood Overweight Pediatric Obesity Socioecological Model Family Base Treatment
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