Developmental Considerations in the Prevention of Pediatric Obesity
The number of children and adolescents who are overweight or at risk of obesity in the United States has increased dramatically in the last two decades (Ogden et al., 2006), leading to a public health epidemic (Wang & Dietz, 2004). Prevalence of overweight has increased significantly in children of all age groups. Particularly noteworthy is the increase in over-weight in young children two to seven-years old (Ogden et al.). Overweight in childhood increases the risk of adult overweight (Whitaker et al., 1997, Whitaker, Pepe, Wright, Seidel, & Dietz, 1998; Freedman et al., 2004; Guo et al., 2002), highlighting the importance of addressing weight concerns in pediatric populations. Paralleling age-related trends in weight are developmental progressions in nutritional needs, and physical activity patterns and capacities. The objective of this chapter is to provide a developmental context for considering growth, dietary intake, and physical activity patterns with the goal of highlighting potential key periods and strategies for pediatric weight control interventions across childhood and adolescence.
KeywordsPhysical Activity Resistance Training Sedentary Behavior Physical Activity Pattern Family Meal
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