Cognitive Strategies

  • Holly Hazlett-Stevens
Part of the Series in Anxiety and Related Disorders book series (SARD)

Systematic methods for challenging and restructuring dysfunctional cognition first appeared in the 1950's and 1960's. Albert Ellis developed one of the first such therapies, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT; Ellis 1962), as he observed the complex interaction between thoughts, feelings, and behavior. REBT teaches clients they can choose to react to adversity with rational beliefs that promote adaptive behavior. Disputing rigid “irrational” beliefs therefore lies at the heart of this therapy approach. However, the cognitive component found in most anxiety disorder treatments stems from the cognitive therapy of Aaron T. Beck and colleagues (Beck, Rush, Shaw, & Emery 1979; Beck, Emery, & Greenberg 1985). According to this model, maladaptive emotional distress results from inflexible negative interpretations of various situations or stimuli. In particular, excessive anxiety is caused by repeatedly overestimating threat while underestimating coping resources. Cognitive therapy...


Cognitive Therapy Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Automatic Thought Core Belief Cognitive Therapy Process 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Holly Hazlett-Stevens
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology/298University of Nevada, RenoRenoUSA

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