• J.E. Petersen
  • W.M. Kemp
  • V.S. Kennedy
  • W.C. Dennison
  • P. Kangas

Coastal ecosystems are productive, economically important, and globally threatened by human population growth and climate change. Scientists and managers have come to realize that solutions to the burgeoning problems facing coastal ecosystems require a clear understanding of how the scales of time (from seconds to millennia), space (from the volume of a cell to the volume of the biosphere), and complexity (from a simple food chain to a complex food web) can affect our understanding of these ecosystems. In particular, how can findings from small-scale observations or experiments be applied to increase our knowledge of and ability to manage large natural ecosystems? This book is designed to help researchers, managers, and students answer this critical question.

For over a century, scientists have used field surveys and field and laboratory experiments to investigate how coastal ecosystems function. For the last several decades, computer modeling studies have used data collected by such...


Coral Reef Salt Marsh Coastal Zone Coastal Ecosystem Experimental Duration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • J.E. Petersen
  • W.M. Kemp
  • V.S. Kennedy
  • W.C. Dennison
  • P. Kangas

There are no affiliations available

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