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Depression and Anxiety in Childhood and Adolescence: Developmental Pathways, Genes and Environment

  • Frances Rice
  • Anita Thapar

Depression and anxiety are amongst the most common mental health problems experienced in the general population (Kessler et al., 1994). It is now well established that these traits and disorders often have their origins in childhood. Nevertheless, relatively little is known about which etiological factors are important, how risk factors work together and what are the mechanisms that lead to depression and anxiety. In the last 15 years, there has been a large increase in epidemiological and behavior genetic research on childhood depression and anxiety. In this chapter we review the evidence from this research and highlight new directions for future research.

Keywords

Depressive Symptom Major Depressive Disorder Anxiety Disorder Stressful Life Event Twin Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Section, Department of Psychological MedicineSchool of Medicine, Cardiff UniversityHeath ParkUK

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