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Genetics of Exercise Behavior

  • Janine H. Stubbe
  • Eco J.C. de Geus

A sedentary lifestyle has been cited as one of the main causes of the explosive rise in obesity that starts at an increasingly younger age(Martinez-Gonzalez, Martinez, Hu, Gibney, & Kearney, 1999). Furthermore, regular exercisers have lower risks for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes than non-exercisers (Albright et al., 2000; Kaplan, Strawbridge, Cohen, & Hungerford, 1996; Kesaniemi et al., 2001) and the percentage of people at risk because of inactivity is higher than for hypertension, smoking, and cholesterol (Caspersen, 1987; Stephens & Craig, 1990). Despite these well-documented benefits of exercise, a large proportion of adults in the Western world do not exercise on a regular basis (Crespo, Keteyian, Heath, & Sempos, 1996; Haase, Steptoe, Sallis, & Wardle, 2004; Stephens & Craig, 1990). As a consequence, a sedentary lifestyle – and the accompanying risk for obesity – remains a major threat to health in today’s society. This is reflected in public health recommendations which unanimously include an encouragement to a more active lifestyle (WHO/FIMS Committee on Physical Activity for Health, 1995; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2005).

Keywords

Physical Activity Leisure Time Leisure Time Physical Activity Twin Study Exercise Behavior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological PsychologyVrije UniversiteitAmsterdam 1081 BTThe Netherlands

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