• Kerry L. Jang
  • Shinji Yamagata

Gordon Allport (1937) has penned some of the most influential lines in the history of personality research. He defined personality as the “… dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique [sic] adjustments to this environment” (p. 48) and that “… personality is something and personality does something” (p. 48). Together, these lines neatly summarize the primary mission of personality research: (1) the characterization of enduring qualities that give rise to regularities and consistencies in behaviour and the organization of these qualities and (2) how they achieve coherent functioning to actively adapt to the social environment (Livesley & Jang, 2005). As a result, much of mainstream personality research has been directed towards determining the number of basic traits, their organization, how they can be measured reliably, and the relationship between normal personality function and personality disorder.


Personality Disorder Harm Avoidance Novelty Seek Behavior Genetic Personality Research 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Faculty of LettersKeio UniversityTokyoJapan

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