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Programmed Cell Death in Protozoa: An Evolutionary Point of View. The Example of Kinetoplastid Parasites

  • Miguel A. Fuertes
  • Paul A. Nguewa
  • Josefina Castilla
  • Carlos Alonso
  • José Manuel Pérez Martín
Part of the Molecular Biology Intelligence Unit book series (MBIU)

Abstract

Programmed cell death (PCD) is a molecular event which plays an essential role in the development of multicellular organisms. However, recent studies indicate that PCD is a mechanism also present in protozoa and unicellular eukaryotes. For instance, it has been recently proposed that some Trypanosomatid parasites have a PCD mechanism descendant from an ancient life form that has actually evolved. Thus, two hypotheses may explain the existence of PCD in protozoa such as Trypanosomatids. First, PCD could simply be a process without a defined function inherited through cell evolution, which is triggered in response to diverse stimuli and stress conditions. Alternatively, PCD might be used by Trypanosomatids as a control mechanism to maximize their biological fitness.

Keywords

Programme Cell Death Multicellular Organism Trypanosoma Cruzi Trypanosoma Brucei Cell Death Differ 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miguel A. Fuertes
    • 1
  • Paul A. Nguewa
    • 1
  • Josefina Castilla
    • 2
  • Carlos Alonso
    • 1
  • José Manuel Pérez Martín
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Biología Molecular “Severo Ochoa” (CSIC-UAM), Facultad de CienciasUniversidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Farmacia “Castilla”Hermanos García NoblejasMadridSpain

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