Cyclodialysis Clefts: Surgical and Traumatic

  • George R. Reiss


Cyclodialysis (CDC) describes the separation between the uveal tissue and the sclera that can occur via blunt injury or be inadvertently caused during ocular surgery. This condition was first described by Fuchs in 1900, and based on his observation was even proposed as surgical treatment for glaucoma by Heine in 1905. A firm attachment which exists between the ciliary body and the sclera can be broken when the meridional ciliary muscle insertion into the sclera is ruptured. If this occurs, even at a pinpoint location, aqueous humor can leave the anterior chamber and enter the suprachoroidal space. Ciliochoroidal detachments can occur, which are potentially large enough to hold large volumes of aqueous, thus causing ocular hypotony. The low intraocular pressure (IOP) that results can cause visual changes that are extremely disturbing to the patient.


Anterior Chamber Aqueous Humor Ciliary Body Corneal Edema Scleral Buckling 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • George R. Reiss
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyMaricopa Medical CenterGlendaleUSA

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