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Amniotic Membrane Grafts for Glaucoma Surgery

  • Hosam Sheha
  • Lingyi Liang
  • Scheffer C. G. Tseng
Chapter

Abstract

Human amniotic membrane (AM) is the innermost layer of the placental membrane. While the tough, semitransparent nature of AM is valuable as a graft for ocular surface reconstruction, it is the unique inherent biological action of AM during embryogenesis that has spawned increasing interests over the past decade in ophthalmology. The biological actions known to AM include antiinflammatory, antiscarring, anti-angiogenic, and growth-promoting effects. Several investigators have explored the clinical efficacy of deploying AMT as an adjunctive therapy to improve the surgical outcome of various glaucoma procedures including high-risk trabeculectomy, repair of conjunctival buttonholes during trabeculectomy, repair of early- and late-onset bleb leak, and covering of the shunt tube in glaucoma drainage devices (GDDs) during primary insertion or exposure.

Keywords

Fibrin Glue Amniotic Membrane Human Amniotic Membrane Amniotic Membrane Transplantation Scleral Flap 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hosam Sheha
    • 1
  • Lingyi Liang
    • 1
  • Scheffer C. G. Tseng
    • 1
  1. 1.Ocular Surface CenterMiamiUSA

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