Primary and Secondary Angle-Closure Glaucomas

  • Marshall N. Cyrlin


Almost 70 million cases of glaucoma have been diagnosed worldwide, approximately half of which are classified as angle-closure glaucoma (ACG).1 Lowe, in 1955, emphasized the study of the anterior chamber angle facilitating the early classification of angle-closure glaucoma.2 Among patients with angle closure, primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) is the most common diagnosis. PACG is more common in Asians than in any other ethnic group.3 PACG, primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), and chronic angle-closure glaucoma (CACG) are collectively a major cause of bilateral blindness worldwide, and responsible for more than 90% of the bilateral blindness in China.4 It is estimated that by the year 2020, there will be approximately 21 million of cases of PACG, with more than 5.3 million bilaterally blind individuals as a result of angle closure.5


Trabecular Meshwork Central Retinal Vein Occlusion Angle Closure Anterior Chamber Depth Anterior Chamber Angle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marshall N. Cyrlin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Oakland University William Beaumont School of MedicineRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Glaucoma Services, William Beaumont Eye InstituteRoyal OakUSA
  3. 3.SouthfieldUSA

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