Elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
In the early days of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, cholangiography was advocated as a way to avoid common duct injury by delineating the anatomy, as well as a method of detecting or excluding the presence of unsuspected common duct stones. This chapter explores whether routine cholangiography is needed in the routine case of a patient with no evidence of common duct stones, and explores alternatives, including the use of intraoperative ultrasound.
KeywordsBile Duct Common Bile Duct Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Cystic Duct Common Bile Duct Stone
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