Exercise Interventions to Reduce Lipids and Cardiovascular Disease Risk

  • Allyson S. Howe
  • Christopher G. Jarvis


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States [1]. The lifetime risk of CVD was evaluated by the Framingham Heart Study and found to be 40% to 49% in men and 32% in women aged 40 to 94 years old [2]. Prospective data demonstrate conclusively that exercise reduces the incidence of coronary artery disease [3,4].

Elevated serum cholesterol and an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) have been clearly linked [5,6]. Strategies to improve serum cholesterol patterns focus on lifestyle changes in diet and exercise as well as cholesterol-lowering medications and dietary supplements.

The beneficial effects of exercise have been reliably demonstrated in research studies. Exercise can improve cardiovascular fitness, prevent obesity, and help maintain emotional well-being. With regard to cholesterol levels, increases in high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) and decreases in triglyceride (TG) levels have been...


High Density Lipoprotein Resistance Training Serum Lipid Exercise Prescription Heart Rate Reserve 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allyson S. Howe
    • 1
  • Christopher G. Jarvis
  1. 1.Residency Teaching Staff Physician, Director of Sports Medicine, Department of Family MedicineMalcolm Grow Medical CenterAndrews Air Force Base

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