Dietary Interventions

  • Christopher W. Walker


Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the United States, with data from the 1999–2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey showing that approximately 65% of adults are either overweight or obese [1]. Obesity, especially abdominal adiposity, is a major risk factor for a number of known cardiovascular risk factors including dyslipidemia, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus [2]. Furthermore, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels have been shown to rise in response to increased intake of dietary cholesterol and saturated fats. Therefore, dietary counseling has become a key treatment strategy for healthcare providers treating their patients with dyslipidemia. The 2004 update to the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) guidelines can necessitate more than 50% reductions in LDL in some patients. This level of reduction is difficult to achieve with medication or dietary intervention alone. Last, several dietary interventions have been shown...


High Density Lipoprotein Trans Fatty Acid Mediterranean Diet National Cholesterol Education Panel Glycemic Index 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher W. Walker
    • 1
  1. 1.Associate Program Director, David Grant Family Medicine Residency Program, Department of Family MedicineUniversity of California at Davis Affiliate Program/David Grant Medical CenterTravis Air Force Base

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