Bartholin Gland Cysts and Abscesses

  • Janice E. Daugherty


Bartholin gland cysts are caused when trauma or inflammation obstructs the duct of the Bartholin gland, which normally secretes mucus near the hymenal ring [1]. Often asymptomatic, intermittent obstruction of the duct can cause the cyst to fluctuate in size. If secondarily infected, the cyst can become an abscess.


Cyst Wall Absorbable Suture Lithotomy Position Healthcare Practitioner Vaginal Opening 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Blumstein H. Bartholin gland diseases. emedicine 2003; available at:
  2. 2.
    Hill DA, Lense JJ. Office management of Bartholin gland cysts and abscesses. Am Fam Physician 1998;57:1611–1616.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Omole F, Simmons BJ, Hacker Y. Management of Bartholin’s duct cyst and gland abscess. Am Fam Physician 2003;68:135–140.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wilkinson EJ, Stone IK. Atlas of vulvar disease, 5th edn. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1995, pp 11–15.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Apgar B. Bartholin’s cyst/abscess: Word catheter insertion. In Pfenninger JL, Fowler GC (eds) Procedures for primary care physicians. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, 1994, pp 596–600.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Haider Z, Condous G, Kirk E, Mukri F, Bourne T. The simple outpatient management of Bartholin’s abscess using the Word catheter: a preliminary study. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2007;47(2):137–140.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cho JY, Ahn MO, Cha KS. Window operation: an alternative treatment method for Bartholin gland cysts and abscesses. Obstet Gynecol 1990;76(5 Pt 1):886–888.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Additional Resources Articles

  1. Marzano DA, Haefner HK. The Bartholin gland cyst: past, present, and future. J Low Genit Tract Dis 2004;8(3):195–204.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar


  1. a video of the procedure of Word catheter insertion.

Equipment Companies

  1. Rusch Corporation, 1-800-553-5214,
  2. CooperSurgical, 1-800-243-2974,
  3. Milex Products 1-800-621-1278

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Family Medicine, Brody School of MedicineEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations