Diaphragm and Cervical Cap

  • Jennifer W. McCaul


Contraceptive diaphragms and cervical caps are two of the nonhormonal barrier contraceptive devices available for use today. Use of these devices has declined over several decades due to the increasing variety of other methods available, but they still have a place in providing contraception for certain carefully selected women. Caps and diaphragms are good contraceptives for women who are unable to tolerate hormones; they are both inexpensive and are durable. They are also intermittently used contraceptives which may be an advantage for those who require contraceptives on an infrequent basis.


Emergency Contraception Vaginal Vault Toxic Shock Syndrome Dorsal Lithotomy Position Abnormal Cervical Cytology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Minnis A, Padian N. Effectiveness of female controlled barrier methods in preventing sexually transmitted diseases and HIV: current evidence and future research directions. Sex Transm Infect 2005;81:193–200.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mayeaux E, Apgar B. Barrier contraceptives: cervical caps, condoms and diaphragms. In Pfenninger J, Fowler G (eds): Procedures for primary care. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, 1994:993–999.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    FDA Summary of safety and effectiveness data. FemCapTM. March 28, 2003.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Weiss B, Bassford T, Davis T. The cervical cap. Am Fam Physician 1991;43(2):517.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    FDA Summary of safey and effectiveness data. Lea’s ShieldTM. March 14, 2002.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Barbieri R. How to fit and use a diaphragm for contraception. Up to Date: 2009; procedures
  7. 7.
    Allen R. Diaphragm fitting. Am Fam Physician 2004;69:97–100, 103, 105–106.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Additional Resources Articles

  1. Cook L, Nanda K, Grimes D. Diaphragm versus diaphragm with spermicides for contraception (review). Cochrane Library 2007, Issue 1.Google Scholar
  2. Gallo MF, Grimes DA, Shulz KF. Cervical cap versus diaphragm for contraception (review). The Cochrane Library 2007.Google Scholar
  3. Trussell J, Leveque J, et al. The economic value of contraception: a comparison of 15 methods. Am J Public Health 1995;85(4):494–503.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Web Sites

  1. Ortho-McNeil Pharmaceutical Company:
  2. Lea’s Shield:

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.St. Joseph’s Family Medicine ResidencySt. Joseph’s HospitalSyracuseUSA

Personalised recommendations