Physical Examination of the Peripheral Nerves and Vasculature

  • Brian White
  • Peter Gonzalez
  • Gerard A. Malanga
  • Venu Akuthota

A thorough physical examination begins with a detailed history followed by inspection, palpation, and testing of muscle strength, tone, reflexes, and sensation. This systematic approach to the physical examination is useful for the peripheral nervous system and vascular system so pertinent details are not missed. When inspecting neurovascular structures, the physical examination is the primary initial clinical assessment. In addition to these fundamental aspects of the physical examination, many “special” provocation or relief tests and signs have been developed. The clinician then forms an impression from the information gathered during the history and physical examination and may use more advanced diagnostic tests to rule in or rule out a diagnosis.


Median Nerve Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Pudendal Nerve First Dorsal Interosseous Great Saphenous Vein 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian White
    • 1
  • Peter Gonzalez
    • 2
  • Gerard A. Malanga
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Venu Akuthota
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedics and Physical RehabilitationUniversity of MassachusettsWorcesterUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationUniversity of Colorado School of MedicineAuroraUSA
  3. 3.Malanga Pain Management, Overlook HospitalSummitUSA
  4. 4.Atlantic HealthSummitUSA
  5. 5.New Jersey Medical SchoolRehabilitationSummitUSA
  6. 6.Department of Physical MedicineRehabilitationAuroraUSA
  7. 7.The Spine Center of the University of Colorado HospitalAuroraUSA
  8. 8.University of Colorado School of MedicineAuroraUSA
  9. 9.University of ColoradoAuroraUSA
  10. 10.University of DenverDenverUSA

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