Mandibular Corpus Form and Its Functional Significance: Evidence from Marsupials

  • Aaron S. Hogue
Part of the Developments In Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)


Torsional Strength Corpus Form Bone Strain Axial Torsion Phys Anthropol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Amrine-Madsen, H., Scally, M., Westerman, M., Stanhope, M. J., Krajewski, C., and Springer, M. S. (2003). Nuclear gene sequences provide evidence for the monophyly of australidelphian marsupials. Mol Phylogenetics Evol 28:186–196.Google Scholar
  2. Anapol, F., and Lee, S. (1994). Morphological adaptation to diet in platyrrhine primates. Am J Phys Anthropol 94:239–261.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Anton, S. C. (1996). Cranial adaptation to a high attrition diet in Japanese Macaques. Int J Primatol 17:401–427.Google Scholar
  4. Atkins, A. G., and Vincent, J. F. V. (1984). An instrumented microtome for improved histological sections and the measurement of fracture toughness. J Mater Sci 3:310–312.Google Scholar
  5. Biknevicius, A. R., and Ruff, C. B. (1992a). The structure of the mandibular corpus and its relationship to feeding behaviors in extant carnivorans. J Zool 228:479–507.Google Scholar
  6. Biknevicius, A. R., and Ruff, C. B. (1992b). Use of biplanar radiographs for estimating cross-sectional geometric properties of mandibles. Anat Rec 232:157–163.Google Scholar
  7. Biknevicius, A. R., and Van Valkenburgh, B. (1996). Design for killing: Craniodental adaptations of predators. In: Gittleman, J. L. (ed.), Carnivore Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution. Cornell University Press, New York, pp. 393–428.Google Scholar
  8. Bouvier, M. (1986a). A biomechanical analysis of mandibular scaling in old world monkeys. Am J Phys Anthropol 69:473–482.Google Scholar
  9. Bouvier, M. (1986b). Biomechanical scaling of mandibular dimension in new world monkeys. Int J Primatol 7:551–567.Google Scholar
  10. Bouvier, M., and Hylander, W. L. (1981). Effect of bone strain on cortical bone structure in macaques (Macaca mulatta). J Morphol 167:1–12.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Bouvier, M., and Hylander, W. L. (1996). The mechanical or metabolic function of secondary osteonal bone in the monkey Macaca fascicularis. Arch Oral Biol 41:941–950.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Cartmill, M. (1972). Arboreal adaptations and the origin of the order Primates. In: Tuttle, R. H. (ed.), The Functional and Evolutionary Biology of Primates. Aldine-Atheton, Chicago, pp.3–35.Google Scholar
  13. Cartmill, M. (1974a). Rethinking primate origins. Science 184:436–443.Google Scholar
  14. Cartmill, M. (1974b). Daubentonia, Dactylopsila, woodpeckers and klinorhynchy. In: Doyle, G. A., Martin, R. D., and Walker, A. (eds.), Prosimian Biology. Duckworth, London, pp. 655–670.Google Scholar
  15. Cartmill, M. (1992). New views on primate origins. Evol Anthropol 1:105–111.Google Scholar
  16. Casimir, N. J. (1975). Feeding ecology and nutrition of an eastern gorilla group in the Mt. Kahuzi region (Republic of Zaire). Folia Primatol 24:81–136.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Charles-Dominique, P. (1983). Ecological and social adaptations in didelphid marsupials: comparison with eutherians of similar ecology. In: Eisenberg, J. F., and Kleiman, D. G. (eds.), Advances in the Study of Mammalian Behavior. Special publication no. 7. American Society of Mammalogists, Shippensburg, PA, pp. 395–422.Google Scholar
  18. Cheverud, J. M., and Dow, M. M. (1985). An autocorrelation analysis of the effect of lineal fission on genetic variation among social groups. Am J Phys Anthropol 67:113–121.Google Scholar
  19. Cheverud, J. M., Dow, M. M., and Leutenegger, W. (1985). The quantitative assessment of phylogenetic constraints in comparative analyses: Sexual dimorphism in body weight among primates. Evolution 39:1335–1351.Google Scholar
  20. Currey, J. D. (1984). The Mechanical Adaptations of Bone. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.Google Scholar
  21. Daegling, D. J. 1989. Biomechanics of cross-sectional size and shape in the hominoid mandibular corpus. Am J Phys Anthropol 80:91–106.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Daegling, D. J. 1992. Mandibular morphology and diet in the genus Cebus. Int J Primatol 13:545–570.Google Scholar
  23. Daegling, D. J., and Grine, F. E. (1991). Compact bone distribution and biomechanics of early hominid mandibles. Am J Phys Anthropol 86:321–339.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Daegling, D. J., and Hylander, W. L. (1998). Biomechanics of torsion in the human mandible. Am J Phys Anthropol 105:73–87.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Daegling, D. J., and McGraw, W. S. (2001). Feeding, diet and jaw form in West African Colobus and Procolobus. Int J Primatol 22:1033–1055.Google Scholar
  26. Demes, B., Preuschoft, H., and Wolff, J. E. A. (1984). Stress-strength relationships in the mandibles of hominoids. In: Bilsborough, A. (ed.), Food Acquisition and Processing in Primates. Plenum Press, New York, pp. 369–390.Google Scholar
  27. Diniz-Filho, J. A. F., Sant’Ana, C. E. R., and Bini, L. M. (1998). An eigenvector method for estimating phylogenetic inertia. Evolution 52:1247–1262.Google Scholar
  28. Dumont, E. R. (1997). Cranial shape in fruit, nectar, and exudates feeders: Implications for interpreting the fossil record. Am J Phys Anthropol 102:187–202.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Evans, F. G., and Lebow, M. (1957). Strength of human compact bone under repetitive loading. J Appl Physiol 10:127–130.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Feeny, P. (1970). Seasonal changes in oak leaf tannins and nutrients as a cause of spring feeding by winter moth Caterpillars. Ecology 51:565–580.Google Scholar
  31. Felsenstein, J. (1985). Phylogenies and the comparative method. Am Nat 125:1–15.Google Scholar
  32. Freeland, W. J., and Janzen, D. H. (1974). Strategies of herbivory in mammals; The role of plant secondary compounds. Am Nat 108:269–289.Google Scholar
  33. Freeman, P. W. (1979). Specialized insectivory: Beetle-eating and moth-eating molossid bats. J Mammal 60:467–479.Google Scholar
  34. Freeman, P. W. (1981). Correspondence of food habits and morphology in insectivorous bats. J Mammal 62:164–166.Google Scholar
  35. Freeman, P. W. (1984). Functional cranial analysis of large animalivorous bats (Microchiroptera). Biol J Linn Soc 21:387–408.Google Scholar
  36. Freeman, P. W. (1988). Frugivorous and animalivorous bats (Microchiroptera): Dental and cranial adaptations. Biol J Linn Soc 33:249–272.Google Scholar
  37. Freeman, P. W. (2000). Macroevolution in Microchiroptera: Recoupling morphology and ecology with phylogeny. Evol Ecol Res 2:317–335.Google Scholar
  38. Garland, T., Jr., and Ives, A. R. (2000). Using the past to predict the present: Confidence intervals for regression equations in phylogenetic comparative methods. Am Nat 155:346–364.Google Scholar
  39. Garland, T., Jr., Harvey, P. H., and Ives, A. R. (1992). Procedures for the analysis of comparative data using phylogenetically independent contrasts. Syst Biol 41:18–32.Google Scholar
  40. Garland, T., Jr., Dickerman, A. W., Janis, C. M., and Jones, J. A. (1993). Phylogenetic analysis of covariance by computer simulation. Syst Biol 42:265–292.Google Scholar
  41. Garland, T., Jr., Midford, P. E., and Ives, A. R. (1999). An introduction to phylogenetically based statistical methods, with a new method for confidence intervals on ancestral values. Am Zool 39:374–388.Google Scholar
  42. Gittleman, J. L., and Kot, M. (1990). Adaptation: Statistics and a null model for estimating phylogenetic effects. Syst Zool 39:227–241.Google Scholar
  43. Gittleman, J. L., and Luh, H.-K. (1994). Phylogeny, evolutionary models and comparative methods: A simulation study. In: Vane-Wright, D. (ed.), Phylogenetics and Ecology. Academic Press, London, pp.103–122.Google Scholar
  44. Grafen, A. (1989). The phylogenetic regression. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 326:119–157.Google Scholar
  45. Hogue, A. S. (2004). On the relation between craniodental form and diet in mammals: Marsupials as a natural experiment. Ph.D. dissertation, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL.Google Scholar
  46. Hogue, A. S., and Ravosa, M. J. (2001). Transverse masticatory movements, occlusal orientation, and symphyseal fusion in selenodont artiodactyls. J Morphol 249:221–241.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Huey, R. B., and Bennett, A. F. (1987). Phylogenetic studies of coadaptation: Preferred temperatures versus optimal performance temperatures of lizards. Evolution 41:1098–1115.Google Scholar
  48. Hume, I. D., Jazwinski, E., and Flannery, T. F. (1993). Morphology and function of the digestive tract in New Guinea possums. Aust J Zool 41:85–100.Google Scholar
  49. Hume, I. D., Runcie, M. J., and Caton, J. M. (1997). Digestive physiology of the ground cuscus (Phalanger gymnotis), a New Guinean phalangerid marsupial. Aust J Zool 41:85–100.Google Scholar
  50. Hylander, W. L. (1979a). Mandibular function in Galago crassicaudatus and Macaca fascicularisIn vivo approach to stress analysis of the mandible. J Morphol 159:253–296.Google Scholar
  51. Hylander, W. L. (1979b). The functional significance of primate mandibular form. J Morphol 160:223–239.Google Scholar
  52. Hylander, W. L. (1984). Stress and strain in the mandibular symphysis of primates – A test of competing hypotheses. Am J Phys Anthropol 64:1–46.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Hylander, W. L. (1985). Mandibular function and biomechanical stress and scaling. Am Zool 25:315–330.Google Scholar
  54. Hylander, W. L., and Crompton, A. W. (1986). Jaw movements and patterns of mandibular bone strain during mastication in the monkey Macaca fascicularis. Arch Oral Biol 31:841–848.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Hylander, W. L., and Johnson, K. R. (1985). Temporalis and masseter muscle function during incision in macaques and humans. Int J Primatol 6:289–322.Google Scholar
  56. Hylander, W. L., and Johnson, K. R. (1997)In vivo bone strain patterns in the zygomatic arch of macaques and the significance of these patterns for functional interpretations of craniofacial form. Am J Phys Anthropol 102:203–232.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Hylander, W. L., Johnson, K. R., and Crompton, A. W. (1992). Muscle force recruitment and biomechanical modeling: An analysis of masseter muscle function during mastication in Macaca fascicularis. Am J Phys Anthropol 88:365–387.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Hylander, W. L., Ravosa, M. J., Ross, C. F., and Johnson, K. R. (1998). Mandibular corpus strain in primates: Further evidence for a functional link between symphyseal fusion and jaw-adductor muscle force. Am J Phys Anthropol 107:257–71.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Hylander, W. L., Ravosa, M. J., Ross, C. F., Wall, C. E., and Johnson, K. R. (2000). Symphyseal fusion and jaw-adductor muscle force: An EMG study. Am J Phys Anthropol 112:469–492.Google Scholar
  60. Kay, R. F., and Cartmill, M. (1977). Cranial morphology and adaptations of Palaechthon nacimienti and other Paromomyidae (Plesiadapoidea, ?Primates), with a description of a new genus and species. J Hum Evol 6:19–53.Google Scholar
  61. Kay, R. F., and Hylander, W. L. (1978). The dental structure of mammalian folivores with special reference to primates and Phalangeroidea (Marsupalia). In: Montgomery, G. G. (ed.), The Ecology of Arboreal Folivores. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D. C., pp. 173–191.Google Scholar
  62. Kirsch, J. A. W., Lapointe, F. J., and Springer, M. S. (1997). DNA-hybridisation studies of marsupials and their implications for metatherian classification. Aust J Zool 45:211–280.Google Scholar
  63. Lafferty, J. F., Winter, W. G., and Gambaro, S. A. (1977). Fatigue characteristics of posterior elements of vertebrae. J Bone Joint Surg 59A:154–158.Google Scholar
  64. Lemelin, P. (1999). Morphological correlates of substrate use in didelphid marsupials: implications for primate origins. J Zool (London) 247:165–175.Google Scholar
  65. Lieberman, D. E., and Crompton, A. W. (1998). Response of bone to stress: Constraints on symmorphosis. In: Bolis, L. (ed.), Principles of Animal Design: The Optimization and Symmorphosis Debate. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 78–86.Google Scholar
  66. Lucas, P. W. (1989). Significance of Mezzettia leptopoda fruits eaten by orang-utans for dental microwear analysis. Folia Primatol 52:185–190.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Lucas, P. W., and Corlett, R. T. (1991). Quantitative aspects of the relationship between dentitions and diets. In: Vincent, J. F. V. (ed.), Feeding and the Texture of Food. Cambridge University Press, New York, pp. 93–121.Google Scholar
  68. Lucas, P. W., and Pereira, B. (1990). Estimation of the fracture-toughness of leaves. Funct Ecol 4:819–822.Google Scholar
  69. Lucas, P. W., Tan, H. T. W., and Cheng, P. Y. (1997). The toughness of secondary cell wall and woody tissue. Philos T Roy Soc B 352:341–352.Google Scholar
  70. Lynch, M. (1991). Methods for the analysis of comparative data in evolutionary ecology. Evolution 45:1065–1080.Google Scholar
  71. Mansergh, I., Baxter, B., Scotts, D., Brady, T., and Jolley, D. (1990). Diet of the mountain pygmy possum Burramys parvus (Marsupalia: Burramyidae) and other small mammals in the alpine environment at Mt. Higginbotham Victoria, Australia. Aust Mammal 13:167–178.Google Scholar
  72. Martins, E. P. (1996). Phylogenies, spatial autoregression, and the comparative method: A computer simulation test. Evolution 50:1750–1765.Google Scholar
  73. Martins, E. P. (2001). COMPARE, version 4.4. Computer programs for the statistical analysis of comparative data. Distributed by the author at Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington IN.Google Scholar
  74. Martins, E. P., and Garland, T. (1991). Phylogenetic analyses of the correlated evolution of continuous characters: A simulation study. Evolution 45:534–557.Google Scholar
  75. Martins, E. P., and Hansen, T. F. (1997). Phylogenies and the comparative method: A general approach to incorporating phylogenetic information into analysis of interspecific data. Am Nat 149:646–667.Google Scholar
  76. Martins, E. P., Diniz-Filho, J. A. F., and Housworth, E. A. (2002). Adaptive constraints and the phylogenetic comparative method: A computer simulation test. Evolution 56:1–13.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Milton, K. (1979). Factors influencing leaf choice by howler monkeys: A test of some hypotheses of food selection by generalist herbivores. Am Nat 114:362–378.Google Scholar
  78. Milton, K. (1980). The Foraging Strategy of Howler Monkeys: A Study in Primate Economics. Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  79. Morris, J. M., and Blickenstaff, L. D. (1967). Fatigue Fractures: A Clinical Study. Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, IL.Google Scholar
  80. Nash, L. T. (1986). Dietary, behavioral, and morphological aspects of gumnivory in primates. Yearb Phys Anthropol 29:113–137.Google Scholar
  81. Pagel, M. D. (1992). A method for the analysis of comparative data. J Theor Biol 156:431–442.Google Scholar
  82. Pan, R., Peng, Y., Ye, Z., Wang, H., and Yu, F. (1995). Comparison of masticatory morphology between Rhinopithecus bieti and R. roxellana. Am J Primatol 35:271–281.Google Scholar
  83. Radinsky, L. B. (1981a). Evolution of skull shape in carnivores. 1. Representative modern carnivores. Biol J Linn Soc 15:369–388.Google Scholar
  84. Radinsky, L. B. (1981b). Evolution of skull shape in carnivores. 2. Additional carnivores. Biol J Linn Soc 16:337–355.Google Scholar
  85. Rasmussen, D. T. (1990). Primate origins: lessons from a neotropical marsupial. Am J Primatol 22:263–277.Google Scholar
  86. Ravosa, M. J. (1991). Structural allometry of the prosimian mandibular corpus and symphysis. J Hum Evol 20:3–20.Google Scholar
  87. Ravosa, M. J. (1996). Jaw morphology and function in living and fossil old world monkeys. Int J Primatol 17:909–932.Google Scholar
  88. Ravosa, M. J. (2000). Size and scaling in the mandible of living and extinct apes. Folia Primatol 71:305–322.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. Ravosa, M. J., and Hogue, A. S. (2004). Function and fusion of the mandibular symphysis in mammals: A comparative and experimental perspective. In: Kay, R. F., and Ross, C. (eds.), Anthropoid Origins: New Visions. Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York, pp. 413–462.Google Scholar
  90. Ravosa, M. J., and Hylander, W. L. (1994). Function and fusion of the mandibular symphysis in primates: Stiffness or strength? In: Kay, R. F. (ed.), Anthropoid Origins. Plenum Press, New York, pp. 447–468.Google Scholar
  91. Runestad, J. A., Ruff, C. B., Nieh, J. C., Thorington, R. W., and Teaford, M. F. (1993). Radiographic estimation of long-bone cross-sectional geometric properties. Am J Phys Anthropol 90:207–213.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. Ryan, C. A., and Green, T. R. (1974). Proteinase inhibitors in natural plant protection. In: Conn, E. E. (ed.), Metabolism and Regulation of Secondary Plant Products. Academic Press, New York, pp. 123–140.Google Scholar
  93. Smith, R. J. (1983). The mandibular corpus of female primates: Taxonomic, dietary, and allometric correlates of insterspecific variations in size and shape. Am J Phys Anthropol 61:315–330.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. Smith, A. P. (1986). Stomach contents of the long-tailed pygmy-possum Cercartetus caudatus (Marsupalia: Burramyidae). Aust Mammal 9:135–137.Google Scholar
  95. Smith, R. J. (1994). Degrees of freedom in interspecific allometry: An adjustment for the effects of phylogenetic constraint. Am J Phys Anthropol 93:95–107.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Smith, A. P., and Broome, L. (1992). The effects of season, sex and habitat on the diet of the mountain pygmy-possum (Burramys parvus). Wildlife Res 19:755–768.Google Scholar
  97. Spencer, L. M. (1995). Morphological correlates of dietary resource partitioning in the African Bovidae. J Mammal 76:448–471.Google Scholar
  98. Stobbs, T. H., and Cowper, L. J. (1972). Automatic measurement of the jaw movements of dairy cows during grazing and rumination. Trop Grasslands 6:107–112.Google Scholar
  99. Strait, S. G. (1993). Molar morphology and food texture among small-bodied insectivorous mammals. J Mammal 74:391–402.Google Scholar
  100. Strait, S. G. (1997). Tooth use and the physical properties of food. Evol Anthropol 5:199–211.Google Scholar
  101. Strait, S. G., Fleagle, J. G., Bown, T. M., and Dumont, E. R. (1990). Diversity in body size and dietary habits of fossil caenolestid marsupials from the Miocene of Argentina. J Vert Paleontol 10:44A.Google Scholar
  102. Takahashi, L. K., and Pan, R. (1994). Mandibular morphometrics among macaques: The case of Macaca thibetana. Int J Primatol 15:597–621.Google Scholar
  103. Taylor, A. B. (2002). Masticatory form and function in the African apes. Am J Phys Anthropol 117:133–156.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Taylor, A. B. (2006). Feeding behavior, diet, and the functional consequences of jaw form in orangutans, with implications for the evolution of Pongo. J Hum Evol 50:377–393.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. van Tets, I. G., and Whelan, R. J. (1997). Banksia pollen in the diet of Australian mammals. Ecography 20:499–505.Google Scholar
  106. Vincent, J. F. V. (1990). Fracture properties of plants. Advances in Botanical Research 17:235–282.Google Scholar
  107. Vinyard, C. J., Wall, C. E., Williams, S. H., and Hylander, W. L. (2003). Comparative functional analysis of skull morphology of tree-gouging primates. Am J Phys Anthropol 120:153–170.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. Vogel, S. (1988). Life’s Devices. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.Google Scholar
  109. Walker, A. (1967). Locomotor adaptations in recent and fossil Madagascan lemurs. Ph.D. thesis, University of London, LondonGoogle Scholar
  110. Williams, R. T. (1969). Detoxification Mechanisms. Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  111. Williams, S. H., Wall, C. E., Vinyard, C. J., and Hylander, W. L. (2002). A biomechanical analysis of skull form in gum-harvesting galagids. Folia Primatol 73:197–209.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Winkel, K., and Humphery-Smith. I. (1988). Diet of the marsupial mole, Notoryctes typhlops (Stirling 1889) (Marsupialia: Notoryctidae). Aust Mammal 11:159–162.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aaron S. Hogue
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesSalisbury UniversitySalisbury

Personalised recommendations