Design and Modeling of Active and Passive Devices
Transmission lines play a critical role at mm-wave frequencies. Due to the relatively small wavelength, significantly long structures such as quarter wave can be realized on-chip. Transmission lines are suitable for high frequencies since there is no ambiguity in how one defines reference planes — since the signal and ground are always co-located, it’s easy to connect a transmission line structure at any point in the circuit and predict the resulting reactance. Furthermore, the close physical proximity of the ground return current creates a dipole (multipole) radiation pattern that couples less energy to the substrate, which improves the quality factor of these devices. The well-defined ground return path also significantly reduces magnetic and electric field coupling to adjacent structures.
KeywordsTransmission Line Passive Device Slow Wave Structure Ring Inductor NMOS Device
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