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How to ‘See’ Electrons

  • David B. Williams
  • C. Barry Carter

Abstract

If we are studying the structure of a material, when all is said and done, all we have to show for learning how to operate our expensive TEM, the many hours spent in specimen preparation, etc., is an image or a DP. These images and DPs, which are just different distributions of electron intensity, have first to be viewed in some manner. After viewing, we have to decide if we want to save the results for future reference, perhaps so we can print out the data for a presentation, technical report, or scientific publication. Since, as we noted in the opening chapter, our eyes are not sensitive to electrons, we have to find ways to translate the electron-intensity distributions generated by the specimen into visible-light distributions, which we can see. This chapter will explain how we ‘see’ electrons.

Keywords

Scattered Electron Semiconductor Detector Photographic Film Viewing Screen Fluorescent Screen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. The general references for SEM are the standard book by Goldstein et al. (3rd Ed.) and Reimer’s SEM text. The other references here are interesting (often challenging) reading.Google Scholar
  2. Chapman, JN, Craven, AJ and Scott, CP 1989 Electron Detection in the Analytical Electron Microscope Ultramicroscopy 28 108–117.Google Scholar
  3. Howell, SB 2006 Handbook of CCD Astronomy 2nd Ed. Cambridge University Press NY.Google Scholar
  4. Knoll, GF 2000 Radiation Detection and Measurement 3rd Ed. John Wiley & Sons NY.Google Scholar
  5. Pierret, RF 1996 Semiconductor Device Fundamentals Addison-Wesley Boston MAGoogle Scholar
  6. Reimer, L 1985 Scanning Electron Microscopy Springer Verlag New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of Alabama in HuntsvilleHuntsvilleUSA
  2. 2.University of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

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