Environmental Consciousness and Sustainable Engineering Design
At the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm, 1972), Rene Dubos, advisor to the conference, authored the now popular maxim “Think Globally, Act Locally.” It is solutions at a local level that can help resolve the global environmental concerns faced by all of us today.
It is now a well-acknowledged scenario that today’s engineers and technologists cannot be isolated and work in a single field, but must adopt an interdisciplinary approach encompassing, among many others, life sciences, sociology, public policy, and business. The focus of product development can no longer be restricted to such issues as functionality, cost and product life. Environmental and social factors need to be considered along with economic constraints. It is necessary to design and develop technology and solutions keeping in mind the entiretyof the process, rather than just the ends in themselves. The complete life cycle of the material (from material extraction, purification, and...
KeywordsUnited Nations Environment Programme Clean Production Network Industry Accident Prevention Complete Life Cycle
- 1.United Nations Environment Programme (19th February 2007). In UNEP Cleaner Production Activities. Retrieved May 10, 2007, from www.uneptie.org/pc/cp/home.htm
- 2.Fiksel, Joseph, Design for Environment: Creating Eco-Efficient Products and Processes, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996Google Scholar
- 3.Ehrenfeld, John R. and Marian R. Chertow, “Industrial Symbiosis: The Legacy of Kalundborg,” Chapter 2727 in A Handbook of Industrial Ecology, Robert U. Ayres and Leslie W. Ayres, Editors, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, U.K., p. 334–348.
- 4.United Nations Environment Programme (20th June 2001). In UNEP Production and Consumption Branch, Environmental Management of Industrial Estates. Retrieved May 10, 2007, from www.uneptie.org/pc/ind-estates/casestudies/kalundborg.htm