# Adaptive Circuit Technique for Managing Power Consumption

Chapter

## Keywords

Leakage Current Power Dissipation Clock Frequency Slack Time Dynamic Voltage Scaling
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

## References

- [1]T. Kuroda, K. Suzuki, S. Mita, T. Fujita, F. Yamane, F. Sano, A. Chiba, Y. Watanabe, K. Matsuda, T. Maeda, T. Sakurai, and T. Furuyama, “Variable supply-voltage scheme for low-power high-speed CMOS digital design,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 454–462, Mar. 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- [2]T. Sakurai, “Low power digital circuit design (keynote),” ESSCIRC'04, pp. 11–18, Sept. 2004. T. Sakurai, “Perspectives of low-power VLSI's,” IEICE Transactions on Electronics, vol. E87-C, no. 4, pp. 429–437, Apr. 2004.Google Scholar
- [3]A. Chandrakasan, V. Gutnik, and T. Xanthopoulos, “Data driven signal processing: an approach for energy efficient computing,” Proc. ISLPED’ 96, pp. 347–352, Aug. 1996.Google Scholar
- [4]K. Aisaka, T. Aritsuka, S. Misaka, K. Toyama, K. Uchiyam, K. Ishibashi, H. Kawaguchi, and T. Sakurai, “Design rule for frequency-voltage cooperative power control and its application to an MPEG-4 decoder,” Symp. on VLSI Circuits Digest of Technical Papers, pp. 216–217, Jun. 2002.Google Scholar
- [5]T. Kuroda, T. Fujita, S. Mita, T. Nagamatu, S. Yoshioka, K. Suzuki, F. Sano, M. Norishima, M. Murota, M. Kako, M. Kinugawa, M. Kakumu, and T. Sakurai, “A 0.9 V 150 MHz 10mW 4 mm
^{2}2-D discrete cosine transform core processor with variable-threshold-voltage scheme,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 1770–1779, Nov. 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar - [6]T. Sakurai and A. R. Newton, “Alpha-power law MOSFET model and its applications to CMOS inverter delay and other formulas,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 584–594, Apr. 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- [7]T. Kobayashi and T. Sakurai, “Self-adjusting threshold-voltage scheme (SATS) for low-voltage high-speed operation,” Proc. CICC’94, pp. 271–274, May 1994.Google Scholar
- [8]K. Seta, H. Hara, T. Kuroda, M. Kakumu, and T. Sakurai, “50% active-power saving without speed degradation using standby power reduction (SPR) circuit,” ISSCC Dig. Tech. Papers, pp. 318–319, Feb. 1995.Google Scholar
- [9]T. Kuroda, T. Fujita, T. Nagamatu, S. Yoshioka, T. Sei, K. Matsuo, Y. Hamura, T. Mori, M. Murota, M. Kakumu, and T. Sakurai, “A high-speed low-power 0.3 μm CMOS gate array with variable threshold voltage (VT) scheme,” Proc. CICC’96, pp. 53–56, May 1996.Google Scholar
- [10]T. Kuroda, T. Fujita, S. Mita, T. Mori, K. Matsuo, M. Kakumu, and T. Sakurai, “Substrate noise influence on circuit performance in variable threshold-voltage scheme,” Proc. ISLPED’96, pp. 309–312, Aug. 1996.Google Scholar
- [11]T. Kuroda and T. Sakurai, “Threshold-voltage control schemes through substrate-bias for low-power high-speed CMOS LSI design,” J. VLSI Signal Processing Systems, Kluwer Academic Publishers, vol. 13, no. 2/3, pp. 191–201, Aug./Sep. 1996.Google Scholar
- [12]R. D. Pashley and G. A. McCormick, “A 70-ns 1 K MOS RAM,” ISSCC Dig. Tech. Papers, pp. 138–139, Feb. 1976.Google Scholar
- [13]M. Takahashi, M. Hamada, T. Nishikawa, H. Arakida, Y. Tsuboi, T. Fujita, F. Hatori, S. Mita, K. Suzuki, A. Chiba, T. Terasawa, F. Sano, Y. Watanabe, H. Momose, K. Usami, M. Igarashi, T. Ishikawa, M. Kanazawa, T. Kuroda, and T. Furuyama, “A 60mW MPEG4 video codec using clustered voltage scaling with variable supply-voltage scheme,” ISSCC Dig. Tech. Papers, pp. 34–35, Feb. 1998.Google Scholar
- [14]K. Kanda, K. Nose, H. Kawaguchi, and T. Sakurai, “Design impact of positive temperature dependence of drain current in sub 1 V CMOS VLSI’s,” Proc. CICC’99, pp. 563–566, May 1999.Google Scholar
- [15]A. Keshavarzi, S. Ma, S. Narendra, B. Bloechel, K. Mistry, T. Ghani, S. Borkar, and V. De, “Effectiveness of reverse body bias for leakage control in scaled dual Vt CMOS ICs,” Proc. LPED’01, pp. 207–212, Aug. 2001.Google Scholar
- [16]M. Togo, T. Fukai, Y. Nakahara, S. Koyama, M. Makabe, E. Hasegawa, M. Nagase, T. Matsuda, K. Sakamoto, S. Fujiwara, Y. Goto, T. Yamamoto, T. Mogami, M. Ikeda, Y. Yamagata, and K. Imai, “Power-aware 65 nm node CMOS technology using variable V
_{DD}and back-bias control with reliability consideration for back-bias mode,” Symp. on VLSI Technology Dig. Tech. Papers, pp. 88–89, June 2004.Google Scholar - [17]S. Narendra, M. Haycock, V. Govindarajulu, V. Erraguntla, H. Wilson, S. Vangal, A. Pangal, E. Seligman, R. Nair, A. Keshavarzi, B. Bloechel, G. Dermer, R. Mooney, N. Borkar, S. Borkar, and V. De, “1.1 V 1 GHz communications router with on-chip body bias in 150 nm CMOS,” ISSCC Dig. Tech. Papers, pp. 270–271, Feb. 2002.Google Scholar
- [18]S. Vangal, M. A. Anders, N. Borkar, E. Seligman, V. Govindarajulu, V. Erraguntla, H. Wilson, A. Pangal, V. Veeramachaneni, J. Tschanz, Y. Ye, D. Somasekhar, B. Bloechel, G. Dermer, R. K. Krishnamurthy, K. Soumyanath, S. Mathew, S. Narendra, M. Stan, S. Thompson, V. De, and S. Borkar, “5-GHz 32-bit integer execution core in 130-nm dual-V/sub T/ CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 37, no. 11, pp. 1421–1432, Nov. 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- [19]S. Narendra, A. Keshavarzi, B. A. Bloechel, S. Borkar, and V. De, “Forward body bias for microprocessors in 130-nm technology generation and beyond,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 696–701, May 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- [20]M. Miyazaki, G. Ono, T. Hattori, K. Shiozawa, K. Uchiyama, and K. Ishibashi, “A 1000-MIPS/W microprocessor using speed-adaptive threshold-voltage CMOS with forward bias,” ISSCC Dig. Tech. Papers, pp. 420–421, Feb. 2000.Google Scholar
- [21]G. Ono and M. Miyazaki, “Threshold-voltage balance for minimum supply operation,” Symp. VLSI Circuits Dig. 16, pp. 206–209, June 2002.Google Scholar
- [22]J. Tschanz, J. Kao, S. Narendra, R. Nair, D. Antonladls, A. Chandrakasan, and V. De, “Adaptive body bias for reducing impacts of doe-to-deiand within-die parameter variations on microprocessor frequency and leakage,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 37, no. 11, pp. 1396–1402, Nov. 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- [23]K. Ishibashi, T. Yamashita, Y. Arima, I. Minematsu, and T. Fujimoto, “A 9μW 50 MHz 32b adder using a self-adjusted forward body bias in SoCs,” ISSCC Dig. Tech. Papers, pp. 116–117, Feb. 2003.Google Scholar
- [24]Q. Liu, T. Sakurai, and T. Hiramoto, “Optimum device consideration for standby power reduction scheme using drain-induced barrier lowering,” Jpn. J. Apply. Phys. vol. 42, no. 4B, pp. 2171–2175, Apr. 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- [25]T. Kuroda, “Optimization and control of VDD and VTH for low-power, high-speed CMOS design (invited),” ICCAD’02 Dig. Tech. Papers, pp. 28–34, Nov. 2002.Google Scholar
- [26]S. Lee and T. Sakurai, “Run-time voltage hopping for low-power real-time systems,” Proc. DAC’00, pp. 806–809, June 2000.Google Scholar
- [27]Y. Shin, H. Kawaguchi, and T. Sakurai, “Cooperative Voltage Scaling (CVS) between OS and applications for low-power real-time systems,” Proc. CICC’01, pp. 553–556, May 2001.Google Scholar
- [28]H. Kawaguchi, Y. Shin, and T. Sakurai, “μITRON-LP: power-conscious real-time OS based on cooperative voltage scaling for multimedia applications,” IEEE Transaction on Multimedia, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 67–74, Feb. 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

## Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008