Telemedicine Applications in Pediatrics
The roots of telemedicine began in the 1920s when physicians answered questions via radio, with the first video transmission of medical information occurring a few years later. In 1952, video transmission of an x-ray occurred between two sites in Pennsylvania 24 miles apart. In 1965, surgeons in Geneva watched and asked questions of Dr. Michael DeBakey, while he performed heart surgery in Houston. In 1968, Massachusetts General Hospital established a microwave video link between its emergency department and a nurse-staffed medical station at Logan Airport. Within the last 5 years, utilization of telemedicine has increased significantly for radiology, cardiology, and orthopedic surgery services.
Telemedicine is “practicing medicine at a distance”,1 but this simple definition does not capture the complexity of the discipline. Telemedicine is also utilizing technology to improve access to high quality health care, to provide distance education and to compile and maintain health information across the continuum of health care.2 Telemedicine spans the spectrum of health care environments: the patient’s home, rural health centers, community physicians, and hospitals and tertiary care centers.
KeywordsDistance Education Video Transmission Telemedicine System High Quality Health Care Telemedicine Application
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