Insertion Reaction Electrodes

The topic of insertion reaction electrodes did not even appear in discussions of batteries and related phenomena just a few years ago, but is a major feature of some of the most important modern battery systems today. Instead of reactions occurring on the surface of solid electrodes, as in traditional electrochemical systems, what happens inside the electrodes is now recognized to be of critical importance.

A few years after the surprise discovery that ions can move surprisingly fast inside certain solids, enabling their use as solid electrolytes, it was recognized that some ions can move rapidly into and out of some other (electrically conducting) materials. The first use of insertion reaction materials was for nonblocking electrodes to assist the investigation of the ionic conductivity of the (then) newly discovered ambient temperature solid electrolyte, sodium beta alumina [1–3]. Their very important use as charge-storing electrodes began to appear shortly thereafter.


Mobile Species Host Structure Insertion Reaction Guest Species Gallery Space 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    M.S. Whittingham and R.A. Huggins, J. Electrochem. Soc. 118, 1 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M.S. Whittingham and R.A. Huggins, J. Chem. Phys. 54, 414 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M.S. Whittingham and R.A. Huggins, inSolid State Chemistry, ed. by R.S. Roth and S.J.Schneider, Nat. Bur. of Stand. Special Publication 364 (1972), p. 139Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Goodenough, inAnnual Review of Matls Sci., Vol. 1, ed. by R.A. Huggins (1970), p. 101Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    I.D. Raistrick and R.A. Huggins, Mat. Res. Bull. 18, 337 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    W.J. Macklin, R.J. Neat and S.S. Sandhu, Electrochim. Acta 37, 1715 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. Delmas, H. Cognac-Auradou, J.M. Cocciantelli, M. Menetrier and J.P. Doumerc, Solid State Ionics 69, 257 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Netz, R.A. Huggins and W. Weppner, J. Power Sources 119–121, 95 (2003)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Netz and R.A. Huggins, Solid State Ionics 175, 215 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M.N. Obrovac and L. Christensen, Electrochem. Solid State Lett. 7, A93 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T.A. Chirayil, P.Y. Zavalij and M.S. Whittingham, J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, L193 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    I.D. Raistrick, A.J. Mark and R.A. Huggins, Solid State Ionics 5, 351 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. Ohzuku, A. Ueda and N. Yamamoto, J. Electrochem. Soc. 142, 1431 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. Yamada, S.C. Chung and K. Hinokuma, J. Electrochem. Soc. 148, A224 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Personalised recommendations