The topic of insertion reaction electrodes did not even appear in discussions of batteries and related phenomena just a few years ago, but is a major feature of some of the most important modern battery systems today. Instead of reactions occurring on the surface of solid electrodes, as in traditional electrochemical systems, what happens inside the electrodes is now recognized to be of critical importance.
A few years after the surprise discovery that ions can move surprisingly fast inside certain solids, enabling their use as solid electrolytes, it was recognized that some ions can move rapidly into and out of some other (electrically conducting) materials. The first use of insertion reaction materials was for nonblocking electrodes to assist the investigation of the ionic conductivity of the (then) newly discovered ambient temperature solid electrolyte, sodium beta alumina [1–3]. Their very important use as charge-storing electrodes began to appear shortly thereafter.
KeywordsMobile Species Host Structure Insertion Reaction Guest Species Gallery Space
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