Electrolyte Stability Windows and Their Extension
While the potential utility of electrolytes surely depends primarily upon the magnitude and selectivity of the ionic conductivity, the practical utilization of such materials also requires that they meet the relevant stability requirements. As mentioned earlier, this means that they must be stable with respect to thermal decomposition, and reactions with other species in their environments. In addition, they must be utilized under conditions in which ionic, rather than electronic, species conduct most of the charge. Stated another way, such materials must be utilized within their appropriate stability ranges.
Thus, the practical utilization of materials as electrolytes is often limited to restricted ranges of temperature, pressure, and chemical potentials. This matter has received relatively little attention to date, despite its obvious practical importance.
KeywordsSolid Electrolyte Negative Electrode Propylene Carbonate Solid Electrolyte Interphase Standard Gibbs Free Energy
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