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Microstructural Imaging of Neurodegenerative Changes

  • Vladimir Kepe
  • Sung-Cheng Huang
  • Gary W. Small
  • Nagichettiar Satyamurthy
  • Jorge R. Barrio
Chapter

Modern medical imaging techniques serve an important role in the diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders. Assessment of structural changes, e.g., brain atrophy with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT), and functional changes, e.g., brain perfusion with single photon emission tomography (SPECT) or brain glucose utilization with positron emission tomography (PET), provide valuable information about the extent of cellular neurodegeneration processes in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), frontotemporal dementia, Parkinson’s disease, and other disorders. Neuronal loss, neuronal shrinkage, synaptic loss, and loss of neuronal projections contribute to the collapse of gray and white matter measurable as atrophy. At the same time, these neuronal changes compromise the integrity of the major neuronal circuits, which results in decreased function and decreased glucose utilization, which is measurable with 18 F-FDG PET

Keywords

Positron Emission Tomography Mild Cognitive Impairment Entorhinal Cortex Medial Temporal Lobe Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Dr. Linda Ercoli for directing neuropsychological testing and Dr. Prabha Siddarth for performing statistical analyses. Financial support from the Department of Energy (grant DE-FC03–02ER63420) is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir Kepe
    • 1
  • Sung-Cheng Huang
    • 2
  • Gary W. Small
    • 3
  • Nagichettiar Satyamurthy
    • 4
  • Jorge R. Barrio
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Molecular and Medical PharmacologyDavid Geffen School of Medicine, University of CaliforniaCA
  2. 2.Department of Molecular and Medical PharmacologyDavid Geffen School of Medicine, University of CaliforniaCA
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciencesthe Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior and the Resnick Neuropsychiatric Hospital at the University of CaliforniaCA
  4. 4.Department of Molecular and Medical PharmacologyDavid Geffen School of Medicine, University of CaliforniaCA
  5. 5.Department of Molecular and Medical PharmacologyDavid Geffen School of Medicine, University of CaliforniaCA

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