Cyanobacterial blooms impact upon the water quality, environmental and ecological status of water bodies and affect most of the uses we make of water. The extent of the impact depends upon the type, size and frequency of the blooms, the size of the water body affected, the uses made of the water and the treatment options available to respond to the blooms. The impacts therefore vary considerably from place to place. Overall costs should also account for the planning and remedial actions taken to prevent future blooms.


Economic Cost Granular Activate Carbon Cyanobacterial Bloom Drinking Water Guideline Chlorine Residual 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dennis A Steffensen
    • 1
  1. 1.Cooperative Research Centre for Water Quality & Treatment and Australian Water Quality CentrePrivate Mail Bag Salisbury Australia 5108Australia

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