Food Bites pp 111-112 | Cite as


  • Richard W. Hartel
  • AnnaKate Hartel


Break open a pretzel and you’ll notice that the outside is deep brown in color, while the inside retains the pale white color of the dough from which it was made. There’s an interesting process that causes that brown exterior, but first, some pretzel history.


Active Ingredient Sodium Hydroxide Technological Innovation Brown Color Small Hole 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard W. Hartel
    • 1
  • AnnaKate Hartel
    • 2
  1. 1.MadisonUSA
  2. 2.MadisonUSA

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